μετεμψύχωσις - metempsychosis

εμπψχωύν - empsykhoun

παλιγγενεσία - palingenesia

גלגול הנשמות - gilgul neshamot

पुनर्जन्मन् - punarjanman




4.   H. Y. Ginsburgh, "Tav: Impression - The Seal of Creation," [Online]. Available:








12. Sefer HaGilgulim, "The Book of Reincarnations," by Chaim Vital

25. "Afterlife! A religious, philosophy, psychological perspective," Henry Epps. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (July 17 2012)


Though the major Christian denominations reject the concept of reincarnation, a large number of Christians profess the belief [1]:

  • In a survey by the Pew Forum in 2009, 24% of American Christians expressed a belief in reincarnation

  • In a 1981 Survey in Europe 31% of regular churchgoing Catholics expressed a belief in reincarnation

   Unity Church founder: Charles Fillmore                                                        Origen                                                                 Geddes MacGregor

  • Geddes MacGregor: Episcopalian priest and professor of Philosophy, makes a case for the compatibility of Christian doctrine and reincarnation

  • There is evidence that the writing of Origen, a Church father in early Christian times, was mistranslated into Latin due to religious bias and that he taught reincarnation in his lifetime. One of the epistles written by St. Jerome, "To Avitus" (Letter 124 ; Ad Avitum. Epistula CXXIV), asserts that Origen's On First Principles (Latin: De Principiis; Greek: Περὶ Ἀρχῶν) was mistranscribed from Greek into Latin

  • Unity Church and its founder Charles Fillmore teach reincarnation [1]

Rosicrucians: as stated in the Western Wisdom Teachings, the eastern sacred teachings do not support an inferred belief in transmigration; meaning that, according to this western mystery tradition, each life wave has an independent evolution process and each one of these life waves is at a different stage in the evolutionary path. For example, according to the Rosicrucians, mineral life is the first and lowest level of spiritual evolution on earth; then comes plants, with actual life, then cold-blooded animals, then warm-blooded, and finally humans. This is also taught in The Rosicrucian Cosmo-Conception. In practice, the beings belonging to each life wave either evolve through the work of the individual Spirit or are yet evolving under a group spirit,[6] have a different state of consciousness, and have acquired more or less subtle bodies,[8] according to the development stage of each life wave [23] [24].

Cathars and Bogomils: professed reincarnation and other gnostic beliefs (see below, Middle Eastern Beliefs, Gnostics) [1].

Origen: Numerous church founders who professed reincarnation were hidden from public view, including their works, or sorely mistranslated to ensure their beliefs did not taint religious principle. There is evidence suggesting that the writings of Origen in early Christian times was mistranslated into Latin due to religious bias and that he taught reincarnation in his lifetime. One of the epistles written by St. Jerome, "To Avitus" (Letter 124 ; Ad Avitum. Epistula CXXIV), asserts that Origen's On First Principles (Latin: De Principiis; Greek: Περὶ Ἀρχῶν) was mistranscribed from Greek into Latin:

  • "About ten years ago, that saintly man Pammachius sent me a copy of a certain person's [Rufinus's] rendering, or rather misrendering, of Origen's First Principles; with a request that in a Latin version I should give the true sense of the Greek and should set down the writer's words for good or for evil without bias in either direction. When I did as he wished and sent him the book, he was shocked to read it and locked it up in his desk lest being circulated it might wound the souls of many."

Under the impression that Origen was a heretic like Arius, St. Jerome criticizes ideas described in On First Principles. Further in "To Avitus" (Letter 124), St. Jerome writes about "convincing proof" that Origen teaches reincarnation in the original version of the book:

  • "The following passage is a convincing proof that he holds the transmigration of the souls and annihilation of bodies. 'If it can be shown that an incorporeal and reasonable being has life in itself independently of the body and that it is worse off in the body than out of it; then beyond a doubt bodies are only of secondary importance and arise from time to time to meet the varying conditions of reasonable creatures. Those who require bodies are clothed with them, and contrariwise, when fallen souls have lifted themselves up to better things, their bodies are once more annihilated. They are thus ever vanishing and ever reappearing."

The original text of On First Principles has almost completely disappeared. It remains extant as De Principiis in fragments faithfully translated into Latin by St. Jerome and in "the not very reliable Latin translation of Rufinus."